Analysis of the Effects of Hazelnut Cultivation in Rural Development of Guilan Province (Case study of Amlash County)

Document Type : Research Article


Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran


Agriculture is the most important economic activity in rural areas of Iran, especially in the north of the country. In the present study, considering the importance of hazelnut crop in the rural life of Amlash County, the economic and social effects of hazelnut cultivation on villages and farmers were investigated. This was descriptive-analytical research that the required information was obtained through documentary sources and field studies. The statistical population includes all hazelnut growers in 38 villages of the mountainous area, Amlash County. The sample size was determined 384 items using the Morgan standard table and was distributed among the operators using the random-quota sampling method. The results showed that the economic effects of hazelnut cultivation in the indicators of economic welfare (with an average of (3.76), economic security (3.81), and employment quality (3.72) were higher than the social effects of hazelnut cultivation in indicators of participation (with the average of 3.27) and social capital (3.40) in the study area. Expanding the area under hazelnut cultivation, government support by providing low-interest banking facilities and appropriate repayment terms, product insurance, and the construction of conversion and complementary industries are some of the most important ways to develop this activity and increase its economic and social effects in villages of Amlash County.


Akbari A, Moradi A, Mohajeri M (2017) Sustainability of pistachio production in rural areas of Rafsanjan city. Journal of Space Economics and Rural Development. 2(20), 1-16. doi:10.18869/acadpub.serd.6.20.1.
Amini S, Azizi M, Joharchi M, Moradinezhad F (2016) Evaluation of allelopathic activity of 68 medicinal and wild plant species of Iran by Sandwich method. International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology. 3(2), 243-253. doi: 10.22059/ijhst.2016.62923
Amlash County Agricultural Jihad Management (2019) Horticulture management.
Asghari Lafmejani S, Pourjafar Abadi M, Pourebrahimi F (2017) The Role of Strategic Crops in the Livelihoods of Rural Households (Case Study: Pistachio Cultivation in Sirjan County). Geo Res. 31(2), 50-61. doi:10.18869/ acadpub. serd.6.20.1.
Guilan Agricultural Jihad Organization (2019) Horticulture Management, Statistics and information section
Kardavani P, Pourramzan E (2004) Investigation of hazelnut cultivation issues and its economic and social effects in Eshkorat Rudsar region. Geographical Research Quarterly. 45, 27-44.
Management and Planning Organization  of Guilan (2018) Detailed results of the 2016 population and housing census of Guilan province. Deputy of Statistics and Information. https://
Management and Planning Organization  of Guilan (2019) Statistical yearbook of Gilan province. Deputy of Statistics and Information. https://
Mahdavi M (2007) Introduction to Rural Geography of Iran. Vol 1, Tehran: Samt Publications.
Mahdavi M, Abdi P (2014) The role of raisin production in the economic development of rural areas (case of Jozan district, Malayer County in Hamadan province). Journal of Space Economics and Rural Development. 8(28), 115-132.
Monazzam Esmaeilpour A, Kardavani P (2010) The Role of Agricultural Products especially Saffron in Rural Development of Kashmar Township. Geographical Quarterly of Territory. 7(26), 31-51. https:// sarzamin.
Motevaseli M (2007). Attitudes, perspectives, theories and policies of economic development. Tehran: Ministry of Foreign Affairs,  Printing and Publishing Institute.
Motiei Langrodi S.H (2004) Approach to Rural Economic Developments, Case Study: Villages of Quebec State of Canada. Territory. 1(1), 51-67. https:// sarzamin. srbiau.
Omidi Beialoei MZ (2006) The role of agriculture on the rural development of Shaft city with emphasis on tea and rice. Master Thesis in Geography and Rural Planning, Ialamic Azad University, Rasht Branch.
Pourramzan E (2015) The role of family exploitation methods in the economy of rural households in Astana Ashrafieh city with emphasis on garden products. Geography Quarterly. 13(46), 203-233. View Paper. aspx?id=254622.
Pourtaheri M, Roknoddin-eftkhari A, Rahbari M (2013) The Analysis of Social –Economic Impacts of Pistachio Cultivation upon Development of Damghan. Journal of Space Economics and Rural Development. 2(5), 69-86. URL: http:// serd. khu.
Ramazannia F, Alavizadeh S, Soltani Mighdas R (2018) Investigation of the Psychological Empowerment of Rural Administrators in Rural Management and Development Process. Geography and Human Relationships. 1(2), 251-272. https:// www. gahr. ir/ article_73497.html.
Reiahi V, Azizi S (2020) The effects of saffron cultivation on the economy of farmers in rural areas of Tehran. Journal of Space Economics and Rural Development. 9(3), 239-254. URL: -3589-1-fa. html.
Rezvani MR (2008) Introduction to Rural Planning in Iran. Tehran: Qoms Publications.
Yasouri M, javan F (2015) Analysis of Restrictions on Diversification of Rural Economy (Case of Eshkevar Olia district). Journal of Space Economics and Rural Development. 4(3), 19-37. doi:10.18869/acadpub.serd.4.13.19.
Zeiaian Firoz Abadi P, Reiahi V, Nasiri Zare S, Ebrahimi M (2019) The effects of the expansion of Mohammadi flower cultivation on the economy of rural settlements in Lalehzar village in Kerman province. Journal of Space Economics and Rural Development. 8(28), 115-132. URL: http://serd. ir/article-3320-1-fa.html.