Rheological Properties of Chocolate Pistachio

Authors

1 Department of Food Science & Technology, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Food Science and Technology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Food Science and Technology, Halva Oghab Company, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This research aimed to assess and determine rheological properties of chocolate pistachio produced from various volumes of monoglycoside (1% and 2%), date powders (34, 38 and 42%) and pistachio pastes. The analyses were performed at temperaturesof 45 ºC, 65 ºC after 3 and 5 hours of processing. These products were found to exhibit nonNewtonian, pseudo-plastic behavior at all treatments. Apparent viscosities versus speed data were successfully fitted to a power law model. The flow behavior index, n, varied in the range of 0.8-0.94. The consistency index, k, was in the range 101.495-167.738 pa - s n . According to statistical analysis, the exponential model was a better model to describe the effect of the soluble solids on the viscosity of chocolate pistachio containing varying percentages of date powder. The activation energy (Ea) was 446.2-41330 j/mol.

Keywords